Arrow Arum Plant
- Latin Name- Asarum Arifolium Hardy Planting Zones- 2-9 Sun or Shade – Partial to Full Shade Mature Height - 6-8" Mature Width- 6-15"
Arrow Arum - Peltandra virginica
Peltandra virginica has smooth, arrowhead-shaped leaves that can reach up to 24 inches long and 10 inches wide. Dark green leaves with wavy edges and three distinctive veins are accompanied by showy flowers from May to July. The white or green blooms have three petals and are replaced by seed pods in late summer. The pods range from green to brown in color and become black after falling off the plant at the end of the growing season. A thick, clear liquid surrounds one to three seeds inside the seed pod. At the end of the growing season, the seed pod splits open and becomes black. Arrow arum has thick, fibrous roots, making the plant ideal for stabilizing sediment, creating barriers and providing shelter for ducks and other aquatic wildlife. The stalks reach an average of about 3 feet high. The colony size varies based on environmental conditions, with larger colonies often appearing where soil is rich in organic matter and partial sun is available. The plant spreads slowly to form colonies, making it an easily controlled addition to ponds, ditches, water gardens and other water features in cultivated landscapes. The hardy plant grows well in a variety of climates, and is native to regions that range from New England to the Gulf Coast. The Arrow Arum, also known as Tuckahoe or Duck Corn, is a bright green perennial aquatic plant with unique arrow-shaped leaves growing from an embedded rootstock. It grows in attractive clumps. Small white to pale yellow flower spikes bloom in late spring to early summer and later mature into pods of berries. The berry pods weigh down the usually upright clusters of plants until they are eaten or split open. In the wild, the arrow arum can form a stout buffer along ditches or ponds and provides shelter and food for waterfowl and other aquatic animals. They are also found in swamps and wetlands. It keeps to shallow, slow-moving water no more than 18 inches deep.