White Baneberry -- Actaea pachypoda
The baneberry, also known as doll eye perennials had white berries are a very exotic perennial plant that provides food for mice, voles, and several species of birds. Otherwise, they are a small, attractive plant native to Alaska, Canada, and throughout the lower 48. The baneberry has a very distinctive appearance, especially compared to its other relatives in the buttercup family. Its brightly colored berries are either white or red and have a single black dot. That has given rise to another common name, the “Doll’s Eye” especially for the white baneberry. The baneberry leaves are large and have a very distinctive, three-leaf pattern on each stem. The stems are tall, at maturity the baneberry often reaches up to thirty inches, and its leaves are sharply sawtoothed with hairy bottoms and a few hairs on top. The white flowers bloom perennially from April through June and are usually located at the base of the stem or along the leaves. After blooming, they turn into the distinctive white or red berries which remain on the plant until the first fall frost. When planting at home, the ideal setting is in a moist, well-drained, humus soil with an acidity level of pH 6.8. The white and red baneberries often grow side by side in nature, and many gardeners will do the same as the two colors look gorgeous together. It is not a fast growing flower but can be propagated through its seeds or by dividing the roots and planting new shoots in early spring.