The Witch Hazel or Hammamelis Virginiana is actually a shrub, but due to its horizontal growth and broad trunks, it is commonly considered a tree. This is considered a “winter bloom” species because it blooms anywhere from October to March. The leaves of the Witch Hazel are approximately 3 to 6 inches long and have scalloped edges that turn from a bright yellow to subtle red hues in fall. The fragrant flowers are a brilliant yellow in color with one inch, ribbon-shaped petals. These flowers stay in bloom throughout the winter, and as the flowers begin to fade, a fruit pod is produced that will stay present until the next fall. The Witch Hazel attracts numerous wildlife species from squirrels and chipmunks to beavers and deer. This tree is one of the hardiest varieties and can withstand extreme cold and winds. They are also very low maintenance without requiring any fertilizers and can tolerate almost any soil conditions. This tree is perfect for winter landscaping, small gardens, as a privacy shrub, or planted under taller trees.