The yellow pine, or ponderosa pine, is one of America’s most common tree species. The tree will grow fast and have deep roots. The yellow pine will grow as high as 60-100 feet, and it will grow, on average, 13-24 feet per year. It is incredibly common in the rugged southwestern United States. The yellow pine is considered evergreen and will keep its needles year round. It has red-brown pine cones and will grow into an irregular conical shape. The needles on this tree can be a yellow or green color and are fairly short in length. Many people love having this tree around due to its sweet aroma. The yellow pine is also commonly known as ponderosa pine, western long leaf pine, bull pine, western red pine, western pitch pine, Sierra brown ark pine and black jack pine, to name a few. They resist wind incredibly well because of their deep root system. They have been used in land reclamation or windbreaks. A mature tree will also be fire resistant due to its thick and heavy bark. Native Americans used the bark on the tree for many purposes including food and medicine. The bark can be ground into flour. It can also be scraped and boiled or eaten raw. Pine gum continues to have many medicinal qualities. This tree loves sunshine and needs to be in the sun for at least 6 hours a day. The sunshine should be direct. The yellow pine can tolerate a variety of soil types well. The soil needs to be able to drain well for the overall health of the tree. It will do well at low and high elevations. The tree won’t thrive in excessively wet and flooded conditions. The tree will grow well in hardiness zones 3-7.