- Daffodil Plant Name- Botanical Name - Daffodil - Narcissus Hardy Planting Zones- 4-8 Sun or Shade – Sun and Part Shade Mature Height - 6-30" Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – Spring (March to April) Gardener Status- Beginner
Daffodil - Narcisseae
Belonging to the genus Narcissus, the daffodil has a trumpet-shaped corona. This distinct shape is set against a star-shaped background, usually in a contrasting color. The corona, also known as cup, is surrounded by six petals that can be round, flat or trumpeted.
Other names used to describe this spring flower include jonquil, narcissus, and daffadowndilly. While widely known as golden yellow spring flowers, daffodils also come in lime green and pink. Common color combinations include white/orange, yellow/orange and yellow/white.
Daffodils come in a variety of sizes. Stem height starts at 2 inches for the small range, and more essential types are up to 3 feet tall. Tiny blooms have half-inch flowers while larger varieties have blooms up to 5 inches in size. Daffodils are reliably hardy within USDA zones 3 to 8. Since they’re so robust and versatile, you’ll be able to enjoy their cheerful spring presence even in windy and colder climates where warmer weather is often long in coming.
Plant these perennial bulbs in the fall in well-drained soil at a depth of triple the size of the bulb. Add organic bulb fertilizer right into the planting hole, and place the bulbs with the pointed end up. They do best in full sun, but they’ll be just fine in a dappled shade too.
For a continuous flower show from March until May, you can plant different varieties that bloom in early, middle and late spring. While they’re actively growing, give them around an inch of water per week until blooms are spent. Mulch will help them conserve moisture.
Once daffodils are done blooming in the spring, don’t cut the leaves until they start to turn yellow. Since daffodils easily grow in significant clusters, they often cover hillsides and lawns. This makes these spring flowers ideal for turning problem areas into beautiful landscaping. They live for many years and naturalize quickly, even in low-maintenance gardens.