- Fiddlehead Fern - Matteuccia Struthiopteris Hardy Planting Zones- 3-9 Sun or Shade – Light to Full Shade Mature Height - 36-72" Mature Width- 60-96" Bloom Season – Not a flowering plant Gardener Status- Beginner
Fiddlehead Fern - Matteuccia Struthiopteris
Fiddlehead Ferns bring an endearing taste of Spring with their grassy, coiled tips from the Ostrich Fern. This wild, edible delicacy is only available for a short time as the Winter wears away into Springtime. Pick the Fiddle Ferns when they are one to two inches high in the damp areas of lowland forests along the East Coast of the United States.
Fiddlehead Ferns are named after the coil shape they hold for around two weeks and then uncurl. The coil that these plants make is said to resemble the scroll on a violin. Hence, giving it the name Fiddlehead fern. This fern is commonly green and usually ranging from a lime green to varies shades of a medium green. They typically grow in the wild near floodplains, rivers, and streams. The avenge height of this plant is around a meter tall, but there are records of some growing to two meters. They also can extend in width to no more than a meter wide. Fiddlehead ferns produce around two types of leaves, some are large, and others are small and narrow. It is said once this fern reaches 7.5 centimeters, they become to bitter to eat. Fiddlehead ferns are planted by the crowns not seeds and should be spaced at least 2 to 3 feet apart because of how full they spread. This plant must be kept incredibly moisturized due to how easy it can dry out but can endure any amount of sunlight as long as it has a lot of moisture. There are multiple varieties of Fiddlehead Ferns that are edible, but the Ostrich fern is the most preferred of the Fiddlehead ferns for eating. Their taste has been compared to Asparagus, green beans, and other green vegetables and they are consumed in a lot of parts of the world like Canada and North America. Fiddlehead ferns have an excellent source of vitamin A and C along with other nutritional benefits. They are better to be eaten raw or cooked lightly via boiling or steaming them.