- Climate zone: 2-9, Mature height: 15-20 ft, Soil conditions: Moist, well-drained, Sunlight: Full sun, Ship as: Bareroot
Grape Vines Offers Many Benefits
The grapevine plant has ancient origins. Grapevines are among the oldest cultivated plants in the world and has over 60 different species worldwide. Grapevines originated around 7,000 years ago in Asia. Indigenous to the Northern Hemisphere, It is also one of the most important economic fruits in the world today. A deciduous shrub that climbs, they can reach up to a mature length of 35 meters. Grapevine leaves are palmately lobed, bristly on the underside. Greenish Flowers form in dense panicles that develop into bunches of grapes. Their stems are short, woody and tough and twist and turn into knots. Branches form off the stem, are long and have a woody texture. The grapevine produces lovely white, red or black clusters of grapes, with usually 70 -100 grapes in each cluster. Pollinated by wind and insects, but primarily by self-pollination. If the grapevine isn't provided with something for its many tendrils to grab hold of, it will spread out onto the ground, for that reason grapevines should be trellised. The hardy planting zone for most grapes is zones 3-7. Grapevines generally grow best in well-drained and slightly acidic soil. You want to make sure that your soil is neither insufficient in nutrients or overly rich in nutrients, finding a good nutritional balance is best. Grapevines can take up to three years to produce grapes, depending on the quality of the soil. If the soil is well drained and has plenty of sunshine then growth will be faster. A grapevine full of lovely plump grapes is a delight to the eyes, so adding a grapevine as part of your landscape is a good choice. A well-groomed grape vineyard is an elegant way to add sophistication to your yard. Add a wooden arbor to your yard and let the grapes grow up the sides and hang from the top to provide shade and give your yard a Mediterranean feel.