- Minimum Purchase:
- 5 units
- Climate Zone: 3 to 9 Mature Height: 20 to 35 feet Mature Width: 20 to 35 feet Sunlight: partial shade to full shade Soil Conditions: acidic, clay, loam, occasionally wet, sand, slightly alkaline, well-drained Botanical Name: Carpinus Caroli
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Native to North America, Ironwood tree It is a slow growing tree that increases at a rate of about a foot per year to reach a maximum height of 35 feet. New leaves in the spring are red-purple, changing to dark green in summer, to yellow and red-orange in autumn. Male and female flowers are in separate clusters on the same tree, which means that the plant is monoecious with imperfect flowers. Male inflorescences are dense, drooping, 2-5 cm long catkins in groups of 2 or 3 at the ends of the twigs. In the winter they are short, stiff, and erect. Female inflorescences are in loose, elongated clusters at the ends of new shoots, with the eventual fruits contained inside papery sacs.The Eastern Ironwood has simple, deciduous leaves that are elliptical with a heart-shaped taper at the tip, 5-12 cm long, and 2-5 cm wide. The veins extend outward from a central vein and are straight and parallel, while the sides are sharply toothed. The top side are yellow-green and hairless, and the bottom side is the same color but soft and hairy to the touch. In the fall, the leaves change color to a dark yellow and often stay on the tree until winter. The fruits of the Eastern Ironwood are small, flattened nuts, which are clustered inside egg-shaped papery sacs that resemble hops (indeed, another common name for the tree is the hop-hornbeam). Seeds are light, about 66,000 cleaned seeds per kg. The nuts are enclosed in inflated sacs that provides buoyancy and improved dispersal by the wind. The individual fruits are 5-8 mm long, while the fruit clusters are 2 cm long.
Climate Zone: 3 to 9
Mature Height: 20 to 35 feet
Mature Width: 20 to 35 feet
Sunlight: partial shade to full shade
Soil Conditions: acidic, clay, loam, occasionally wet, sand, slightly alkaline, well-drained
Botanical Name: Carpinus Caroliniana