Nut Grass - Cyperus rotundus
Nutgrass, also called Java grass, is one of the most native sedges found on earth. Although Cyperus rotundus does not bear fruiting nuts and is entirely unrelated to nuts botanically, its characteristic tubers sprout in a shape that superficially resembles one. Fertile soil is vital to maximizing this plant's size, and although the dry ground is preferable, it is almost impossible to mess up the planting area. Nutgrass leaves grow in trios from a triangular cross-section and are striated beautifully with white and silver lines that run from the stem to the tip. Characteristic of most sedges, Nut grass produces fleshy white rhizomes that sprout upwards in flowing chains before forming bulbs from which more Nut grass grows. Like many other kinds of grass, Cyperus rotundus can be used as either a compliment to larger plants or as a flowering ground, the beauty of which cannot be understated. Cyperus rotundus has also been referred to as purple sage grass, due to purple undertones which provide a beautiful highlight to their green bulbs. Nutgrass prefers dry conditions but will tolerate moistness in soil; they are among the hardiest of sedges, often growing in crop fields and flatlands. The tubers are bitter but edible and serve as an essential source of nutrition for many breeds of migrating birds, such as cranes. Their versatility and hardiness have made them a necessary component in the traditional medicines of regions from China to Sudan. Nutgrass will spread quickly and can often be hard to remove once planted, but their usefulness in landscaping and decoration make them a favorite among landscapers who are not concerned about crop development.