- Climate zone: 3-7, Mature height: 12-24 in, Blooming season: April-June, Sunlight: prefers moist, well-drained soil, Botanical name: Trillium erectum, Ship as: Bareroot
Red Trillium - trillium erecta
Red Trillium flowers range in color from brick red to dark burgundy. The flowers have 3 petals and 3 sepals each. The bright color and soft fragrance attract butterflies with ease. It is a perennial plant and grows to between 8 and 16 inches high. It will bloom from April to June, and prefers moist soil and shade to grow. The red trillium is a three-petaled flower just like its name implies, and the flowers are typically a deep maroon color. While they make a great addition to any garden, these flowers are challenging to propagate outside of their native habitat, and indeed replanting them has caused significant strain on indigenous populations in the past. Flower removal causes considerable pressure on these plants, and plucking the flowers from wild plants can either kill them or render them unable to flower. As an ephemeral springtime flower, the red trillium is deeply connected to its native ecosystem, namely hardwood forests. Trilliums are a beautiful addition to any garden and are entirely a novelty because of their distinctive look - all parts of the plant are in threes, not just the flowers themselves. They typically bloom in the spring and are a bit finicky, but if you can manage to start a colony of them, it will provide an impressive addition to your other plants. You might think that squirrels and chipmunks are a nuisance because they come and eat their seeds, but this is a good thing because this is precisely how trilliums are propagated in the wild. Their flowers are pollinated by flies, which are attracted to their somewhat foul odor - which smells something like a wet dog, so don’t expect to plant these and get a beautiful floral fragrance from them. If you’re interested in herbal medicines though, trilliums are a great addition to any medicinal garden because the entire plant has antiseptic and astringent properties.