Solomon's Seal – Polygonatum biflorum
A herbaceous perennial, this plant breaks the soil in spring with soon to appear, delicate blooms dangling in pairs from the stem. Black seed pods follow flowering. Long –lasting, alternate, lance-shaped leaves remain attractive in the garden all summer. Growing from a rhizome, this plant will colonize those hard to grow, shady spots with great foliage on slightly arching stems. Given a few years, clumps of Solomon's seal produce what looks like a small shrub and flowering becomes more abundant. Size varies among different cultivars, but generally, the plant reaches one to two feet in height. Width, accounting for arching stems, is about half the height. A favorite among home gardeners and landscapers alike, little maintenance is required for Solomon's Seal plant. Native to the North American continent, the plant grows from rhizomes and multiplies yearly. Allow a few years for optimum performance, although the plant is a welcome addition to the shade bed from its initial planting. In following years, should clumps become too crowded for your taste, just dig the root and slice it into a few pieces? Wait at least three years to divide. Replant in areas that will benefit from this attractive, woodland plant. Make sure each piece has three to four eyes, (seals) from which the plant can sprout. And, of course, plant the seals facing upward. Solomon's Seal is an herb with a wide range of medicinal uses. An additional benefit of growing Solomon's seal is deer resistance and a change of color in autumn when the leaves become a golden yellow. Solomon's Seal originated in the forest and grew best in those conditions. Provide rich, fertile soil complete with leaf mulch and pine needles in your landscape for the best performance of this elegant specimen.